Posts for: June, 2019
Warts are small, harmless growths that develop on the skin. You may notice only one or they may grow in clusters. While they are usually painless, sometimes they can develop in places like the soles of the feet (known as plantar warts), which can be uncomfortable. Common warts often appear on the hands and arms while flat warts develop on the face and forehead. Plantar warts are typically found on the soles of the feet. Apart from developing these skin-colored growths, there usually aren’t any other symptoms associated with this condition.
What causes warts?
Warts are caused by an infection known as the human papillomavirus (HPV). There are more than 100 strains of HPV that can develop in different areas of the body, from the mouth and skin to the genital region. The type of HPV that causes warts on the hands, feet, or rest of the body isn’t the same type that causes genital warts.
How do I treat warts?
Warts usually go away on their own once the body fights the infection; however, it can take months to years for the wart to go away. Therefore, if you feel embarrassed by the wart or if the wart is in an awkward or uncomfortable place then you may choose to visit a dermatologist to have it removed. If you are a healthy individual you may also consider trying an over-the-counter wart removal option before turning to a dermatologist.
You should see a dermatologist if:
- Warts are spreading or getting worse
- Warts aren’t responding to at-home treatment
- Warts are developing on your face or genitals
- Warts are painful, bleeding, or itching
- You have a weakened immune system
- You have diabetes
When you visit your dermatologist, they will first need to make sure that the growth is a wart. Depending on the type and location of the warts, your skin doctor will talk to you about your treatment options. Common ways to treat warts include,
This topical treatment is often used on warts of the hands, feet or knees, and you will need to apply the topical treatment daily for several weeks. After the solution is applied you will also use a pumice stone to file away the dead outer layer of skin from the wart. The acid treatment will continue to kill the wart layer by layer until it’s completely gone.
Freezing the Wart
This is another common method for removing a wart. Liquid nitrogen is sprayed on the wart to freeze it. This is also referred to as cryotherapy. More than one liquid nitrogen treatment session may be needed in order to completely remove the wart.
Other options for removing a wart include burning, cutting or removing the wart with a laser, and these treatment options are often used on warts that don’t respond to the other treatments above. If you are dealing with warts and want to turn to a dermatologist to have it removed, then call to make your next appointment.
Find out how this pigmented skin condition is treated.
Are you or someone you love dealing with vitiligo? The Mayo Clinic reports that there are more than 200,000 new cases of vitiligo each year in the US alone. Vitiligo is a chronic disease where the melanin, which gives your skin its pigment, either dies or the body stops producing it. As a result, there are white patches of skin all over the body. So, you may be wondering how this condition occurs or how you can treat it. This is when it’s important to turn to your dermatologist.
What causes vitiligo?
Unfortunately, researchers still do not know why some people develop vitiligo. It may be the result of an autoimmune disease, where the body attacks the melanocytes in the skin. Some researchers also believe that something as simple as a sunburn or even emotional stress could cause vitiligo; however, the cause is still unknown.
Who is at risk for developing vitiligo?
Even though this condition can appear at any time in a person’s life it more commonly occurs in your 20's. It affects both men and women of all races; however, vitiligo is more noticeable in those with darker skin. Those with autoimmune disorders are often more likely to develop vitiligo than those who do not have an autoimmune disorder. Genetics may also play a role; however, parents with vitiligo won’t necessarily pass this condition onto their child.
What are the symptoms of vitiligo?
Vitiligo is characterized by large white patches of skin, which may appear anywhere on the body. These patches most commonly appear on the face, hands, feet, arms, and other sun-exposed areas. Sometimes the white patches will spread over time. How quickly the patches spread will vary from person to person; however, sometimes the patches won’t spread at all.
How is vitiligo treated?
It’s important to turn to a dermatologist that you trust if you think you or a family member is dealing with vitiligo. During your consultation, your doctor will examine your skin to determine how widespread and numerous the patches are so that we have a better idea what type of treatment will be the most effective.
We will also go through your medical history and ask you questions about your condition. Treatment for vitiligo, like most skin disorders, will not work overnight. In fact, there is often a trial-and-error period to try and find the best treatment option.
The most common types of vitiligo treatment include medication, light therapies, and surgery, all of which are designed to restore pigmentation back into the skin.
Prescribed medications may be applied topically or taken orally. Certain UVA/UVB light therapy treatments may also improve your condition. Skin grafting surgery may be recommended, in which your dermatologist will remove skin from another area of the body and apply it over the patches to hide them and even out skin tone.
Your dermatologist can also recommend a full-spectrum sunscreen to protect your skin when going outside, as well as any counseling and support you may need. If you or someone you love is looking for vitiligo treatment, contact your dermatologist today.
Rosacea is a fairly common skin condition that affects as many as 14 million Americans according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Found to be most common in adults between the ages of 30 and 50, rosacea can affect anyone, even the faces of famous celebrities and world leaders like former president Bill Clinton, Prince William, and his late mother Princess Diana. Fortunately, there are options available to help treat and manage flareups. If you are suffering from rosacea, skincare and dermatology services from Dr. William Applegarth's offices in La Porte and Valparaiso, IN.
Rosacea Treatment at our offices in La Porte and Valparaiso, IN
Rosacea causes redness and irritation mostly on the face, with visible blood vessels and small bumps usually around the nose, cheeks, and chin area. While there is technically no pinpointed cause or cure for rosacea, there are several treatment options that rosacea patients can take advantage of to either decrease the likelihood of outbreaks or to minimize their severity when they occur.
Signs and Symptoms of Rosacea
Rosacea is often mistaken with other common skin problems like acne or a rash. If you are not sure what is causing your symptoms or have new symptoms that either don't clear up within a week or continue to reoccur, schedule an appointment with a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment.
The most common signs and symptoms of rosacea include:
- Redness across the face, usually around the nose and checks
- Swollen and visible red blood vessels
- Red bumps (may contain pus)
- Skin feels warm or hot to the touch
- Coarse skin around the nose
- Redness/swelling around the eyes
Rosacea is most common in women with fair skin, but it can affect anyone. Factors like smoking, drinking alcohol, diet, environment, and family history can all increase the risk for some people. Keeping the skin clean and dry, protecting yourself from sun exposure, and avoiding known triggers for rosacea are all great methods of defense. Your dermatologist may also prescribe medication and treatments like laser therapy.
Find a Dermatologist in La Porte and Valparaiso, IN
For more information about rosacea or other skin conditions and treatment options, contact Applegarth Dermatology PC today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Applegarth by calling (219) 548-0360 for Valparaiso or (219) 362-0161 for La Porte.