Posts for: February, 2019
Acne is one of the most common dermatology and skincare problems, and contrary to popular belief it is not just a problem that affects teenagers in the throes of puberty. Acne can, and does, affect adults of all ages and backgrounds. Dr. William Applegarth, a dermatologist in Valparaiso and La Porte, IN, and his team offer a number of options to help manage acne flare ups and break outs.
Acne Treatment in Valparaiso, IN
There are a few different types of acne, and due to the potential for scarring, it's important to manage it properly in order to avoid permanently damaging your skin. Although it is most common on the face, acne can develop anywhere like the neck, chest, scalp, and back.
Types of acne:
What Causes Acne
There are many myths and misconceptions around the cause of acne and the best ways to treat it. The truth is that you can do everything "right" - eat a healthy diet, exercise, and follow a specific cleansing routine and still suffer acne breakouts. Some people may be more susceptible to acne than others, and it can strike in the teenage years or adulthood, even if you never experienced it before.
Acne develops when the pores in the skin become clogged with dead skin cells, or from bacteria. Excess oil production and hormones are the main culprits for buildups that can result in acne, but acne can also develop as a reaction to certain medications. Some studies have found that certain types of food and stress may increase the risk for certain people, but dietary factors alone are not responsible for causing breakouts.
What You Can Do About Acne
First and foremost, always resist the urge to "pop" or pick at pimples and blemishes, which can lead to infection and increase the risk of scarring. It is always a good idea to see a dermatologist to get a personalized skincare routine and treatment plan that will work best for your skin type and lifestyle.
Acne treatments vary depending on the type and severity of the outbreak, but range from self care and time (let the acne clear up on its own), to topical or oral medication and dermatology treatments like chemical peels or laser treatments.
Dermatologist in Valparaiso, IN
For more information about prevention and acne treatment and other common skin conditions and problems, contact Applegarth Dermatology, PC by calling (219) 548-0360 in Valparaiso or (219) 362-0161 in La Porte.
At some point during our lifetime most of us will develop spider veins, those tiny little purple, red or blue web-like lines that are the result of twisted blood vessels. While they can develop anywhere on the body they most often appear on the legs.
What causes spider veins?
The purpose of veins is to deliver blood to the heart. Of course, if something is wrong with the vein blood can pool inside of it, causing a buildup of pressure that can weaken the walls of the vein. This can cause the veins to twist, which results in spider veins.
While anyone can develop spider veins women are far more likely than men to deal with this problem. There are certain risk factors that can make you prone to spider veins. These factors include:
- Being on your feet all day
- Hormonal changes
- Traumatic injuries
- Prior leg surgeries
Are spider veins painful?
Even though spider veins can be unsightly they are usually harmless; however, there are instances where someone with spider veins may experience aching, burning, or leg cramping.
Can you get rid of spider veins?
If you are experiencing discomfort due to spider veins you may want to wear compression stockings, which can apply the ideal amount of pressure to the damaged vein to improve blood flow to the heart. Compression stockings are great if you are looking to improve blood flow while also reducing the aching or cramping you may experience as a result of your spider veins; however, compression stockings will not repair or remove spider veins.
If you want to have your spider veins removed then it’s time to turn to a dermatologist. There are two ways in which a skin doctor can treat your spider veins. The most common method is sclerotherapy, in which a special solution is injected into the vein. The solution will cause the vein to collapse, where the vein will then be reabsorbed by the body and fade over the course of a few weeks. Depending on the severity of your spider veins, you may require more than one sclerotherapy treatment.
Another treatment option is called endovenous laser treatment (ELT), in which a catheter is inserted into the vein. Inside the catheter is a laser that will heat up the vein to seal it. This will seal out blood so that the blood can be rerouted through healthy veins. This is an ideal option for those with smaller veins or those dealing with spider veins that are on the surface of the skin. Again, several treatment sessions may be necessary to see full results.
If you are dealing with unsightly spider veins then it’s time to consult your dermatologist to find out the best treatment options to match your needs.
Could those rough, white bumps actually be Keratosis Pilaris?
If you are dealing with rough patches of skin on your body, then you may be dealing with a condition known as keratosis pilaris. While this is a fairly common and nonthreatening dermatological issue it can be hard to effectively treat. Luckily, most cases of keratosis pilaris go away by the age of 30. However, find out everything you need to know about this condition and how to manage your symptoms properly.
Are you noticing any of these symptoms?
- Rough, scaly patches that are sometimes itchy
- White or red bumps that look like acne
- Bumps on the arms, legs, cheeks or butt
- An increase in symptoms during the winter
If you’ve said “yes” to any of these symptoms above, then your bumps may be the result of keratosis pilaris. Luckily, this isn’t a serious condition and often won’t require treatment. However, some people feel embarrassed by how their skin looks. If this is the case, then consult your dermatologist.
Keratosis Pilaris Treatments
There is no one treatment that effectively helps those with keratosis pilaris. However, your dermatologist might recommend a medicated exfoliant, a retinoid cream or gel, or laser treatment. While using these medications may improve the look of your skin, if you stop taking this medication there is a significant chance that the problem will return. The biggest issue with this dermatological condition is that it lasts for many years.
SelfCare Measures for Keratosis Pilaris
While your treatment options might not sound ideal, there are also some easy things you can do at home that can improve the look of your skin.
- Avoid scrubbing or rubbing your skin, which can further aggravate your condition.
- Always pat your skin dry and never rub. This will also help to maintain moisture.Apply a moisturizer after getting out of the shower. This can further help to improve the appearance of dry, irritated skin.
- Look for products with urea or lactic acid. Both of these ingredients can be found in over-thecounter skin care products and they remove excess keratin from the outermost layer of the skin.
Talk to your dermatologist about which prescription medications and lifestyle changes would improve your condition. Even though this condition isn’t serious you can still seek medical advice and treatments to help with your problem.