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Posts for category: Skin Care

By Applegarth Dermatology PC
July 02, 2020
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Skin Cancer   Tanning  

tanning

During the much longed-for summer months, people work on their tans. While enjoying a richer skin tone now, tanners take huge risks for premature aging and skin cancer. 

Sun and artificial tanning

It's what we use to get those tans. But, did you know that when you tan, you actually burn the top layer (epidermis) of your skin and damage your DNA, too?

According to Live Science, DNA damage mutates normal skin cells into cancer cells. Basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas are the most common kinds of skin cancer. Malignant melanoma is the most deadly skin cancer as it easily metastasizes to major body organs. About one-third of melanoma cases in the US kill their sufferers annually, says The Skin Cancer Foundation.

Unfortunately, artificial tanning is just as dangerous as sitting in the sun. Intermittent sun exposure or occasional tanning in the sun or tanning beds are harmful, too. Damage to the skin is cumulative, and both kinds of ultraviolet radiation (there are UV-A and UV-B rays) breakdown your skin's DNA over time. Further, UV-B harms your skin's natural elasticity normally provided by a protein called collagen.

Don't tan: protect

To protect your skin, avoid sunburns, intentional tanning and excessive day to day sun exposure with these strategies from the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD):

  1. Cover up any exposed skin (face, arms, legs, ears) with a broad-brimmed hat, long-sleeves and other sun-protective clothing.
  2. Use sunscreen lotion--SPF 30 or higher--on all exposed skin, and re-apply every two hours or whenever you sweat it off or swim.
  3. Stay indoors or in the shade from 10 am to 2 pm.

Also, all adults, particularly those 40 or older, should see a dermatologist for an annual skin exam. Do a careful self-exam once a month at home, looking for changes in the color, size, and shape of existing spots or moles. Report changes to your skin doctor as well as any sore which does not heal in a week or so.

It's your skin

Don't sacrifice its health for a little fashionable color. Tanning really is bad for you. Find healthy ways to enjoy the summer months and that wonderful sun. Your skin and your overall health will be better for your efforts.

By Applegarth Dermatology PC
June 11, 2020
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Skin Care Products  
Skin Care ProductsIn a world where appearance is important, everyone wants flawless skin. This is much easier said than done. For people who struggle with dry skin or acne, talking to a dermatologist is a great first step. They can help you find products that work the best for you. Here are their professional tips and tricks on what to look for when buying skin care products.
 
Understanding Your Skin Type
If you want to buy yourself the best products you’ll need to first understand the ins and outs of your skin. Identifying your skin type is the top priority, according to Dermatology experts. People with sensitive or acne-prone skin need different products than someone with oily skin. Otherwise, you increase your chances of triggering a breakout or irritating your skin. 
 
Best Products for Oily Skin
Double-check that the labels on your skincare products contain alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA), hyaluronic acid, or benzoyl peroxide. 
 
AHA products shrink enlarged pores, along with smoothing out wrinkles and lines. Just make sure you wear sunscreen when applying this product. You’ll want to start by only using this product every other day at a concentration of 10-15%.
 
Hyaluronic acid goes hand-in-hand with vitamin C in skin care products. Products containing these substances hydrate and rejuvenate the skin. It supplies moisture in the areas of the face that need it. For people with oily skin, these products restore firmness and wrinkles in damaged areas. 
 
Best Products for Dry Skin
Dry skin is sensitive, requiring specific products to avoid a bad reaction. Dermatologists recommend skincare tools that contain lactic acid or shea butter. Lactic acid is a kind of AHA, meaning it moisturizes your skin while it exfoliates. Moisturizing is incredibly important for dry skin. Products with lactic acid restore your skin while giving it a healthy and plump look.
 
Best Products for Sensitive Skin
Aloe vera is your best friend when you have sensitive skin. Moisturizing with products containing it provides hydration without irritation. This is because the vitamins and nutrients nourish the skin. It's an essential part of sensitive skin care. 
 
Reading the Product Label
Don’t be fooled by products that claim to be natural or organic. Certain natural substances and ingredients can do more harm than good, especially when it comes to essential oils. Instead, memorize the ingredients you know work for your skin type. This includes the materials listed above, like AHA, lactic acid, aloe vera, shea butter, etc. Look at the primary ingredients listed on the skincare product’s label. The top five items listed make up the majority of the product. You’ll want to make sure your material is there, otherwise, you should consider a different product. 
By Applegarth Dermatology PC
May 27, 2020
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Skincare Routine  

Developing an effective skincare routine can help keep your skin looking its best. Washing your face gently, applying a moisturizer, and protecting your skin in the sun are all components to a good skincare routine. Visiting the dermatologist regularly is also a great way to ensure your skin remains healthy and looking its best. At Applegarth Dermatology in Valparaiso, our dermatologists, Dr. William Applegarth and Dr. Thomas Sandin, can help you develop a good skincare routine.

Developing a Skincare Routine

A good skincare routine includes several steps, such as cleansing your skin and applying moisturizer to keep the skin hydrated. However, it is essential to follow steps in the correct order to enjoy maximum results. Applying certain skincare products at the wrong time can cause those products to be less effective. For example, acne treatments are best applied right after cleansing and before applying moisturizer. Additionally, using too many skincare products can cause skin irritation or diminish the effectiveness of some of the products.

When developing your personal skincare routine, we recommend completing steps in the following order for the best results:

  • Wash your face using a gentle cleanser and then pat dry.
  • Apply treatments or medications directly to the skin immediately after cleansing.
  • If using eye cream, gently apply it using your ring finger and avoid pulling too hard on the skin.
  • Apply moisturizer to the skin, as well as sunscreen if going outdoors.
  • Makeup should be applied last for individuals who wear it.

Tips for Washing Your Face

It is essential to properly wash your face to maintain healthy-looking skin. When washing your face, always use a gentle alcohol-free cleaner that is non-abrasive. The best way to apply cleanser is with the fingertips after wetting your skin with lukewarm water. Using a washcloth or sponge can be too abrasive and irritate the skin. You should also avoid scrubbing the skin. The best method is to simply use your fingertips to apply your facial cleanser. After washing, rinse the cleanser off with lukewarm water and pat the skin dry with a soft towel.

Importance of Visiting a Dermatologist

Visiting the dermatologist regularly can play an important role in caring for your skin. The skilled dermatologists at our office in Valparaiso can help you develop an effective skincare routine that includes products best suited for your skin type. In addition to helping you develop a skincare routine, our dermatologists can also treat a wide range of skin conditions or issues, such as acne, eczema, rashes, and other conditions. It is also a good idea to visit a dermatologist regularly for skin cancer screenings.

A good skincare routine that includes periodic visits to the dermatologist can keep your skin healthy and looking its best. To schedule an appointment with Dr. Applegarth or Dr. Sandin, our experienced dermatologists, call Applegarth Dermatology in Valparaiso at (219) 548-0360 or at (219) 362-0161 for the La Porte office location.

By Applegarth Dermatology PC
May 13, 2020
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Facial Treatments  

FacialsGetting a facial can certainly feel like a luxurious, relaxing, and pampering experience but did you know that a facial could also provide your skin with some amazing health benefits? Not only does turning to a dermatologist ensure that you get quality and comprehensive care to treat everything from sun damage to acne, but also a dermatologist has the knowledge, skills, and tools to be able to provide customized facials that can target and treat common skin problems.

A facial offers the skin a variety of benefits including:

  • Deep cleaning
  • Extractions
  • Exfoliation
  • Hydration and moisturizing

A facial can also be tailored to your skin type and the concerns or dermatological issues you are worried about. A facial can be used to treat:

  • Redness and uneven skin tone
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Fine lines and wrinkles
  • Dry, dull and flaky skin
  • Acne-prone skin
  • Rosacea
  • Eczema
  • Sun damage
  • Enlarged pores

One facial won’t be able to address all skin issues you may have, but our dermatological team can work with you to create a customized facial and treatment plan that will be able to treat any and all problems you’re concerned about.

The products that we use during your facial will also depend on the results you’re hoping to achieve. For example, certain enzyme peels and products with glycolic acid can help to remove dead skin cells to produce fresh, radiant skin while reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. If you have questions about the different products we use and their ingredients, or if you have any allergies, it’s important to discuss this first with your skin doctor.

Getting regular facials can be a great way to keep skin looking and feeling its best, and it should be a normal part of most people’s skincare routines. Along with keeping skin clean and hydrated, facials can also target problem areas when they arise. Have questions about facials? Ask your dermatologist today.

By Applegarth Dermatology PC
April 28, 2020
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Skin Cancer  

Skin Cancer PreventionWith the warmer months just around the corner you may be getting ready to plan some fun in the sun. The summertime always finds children spending hours outside playing, as well as beach-filled family vacations, backyard barbeques, and more days just spent soaking up some much-needed vitamin D.

While it can certainly be great for our emotional and mental well-being to go outside, it’s also important that we are protecting our skin against the harmful effects of the sun’s rays. These are some habits to follow all year long to protect against skin cancer,

Wear Sunscreen Daily

Just because the sun isn’t shining doesn’t mean that your skin isn’t being exposed to the harmful UVA and UVB rays. The sun’s rays have the ability to penetrate through clouds. So it’s important that you generously apply sunscreen to the body and face about 30 minutes before going outside.

Opt for a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 that also protects against both UVA and UVB rays. Everyone should use sunscreen, even infants. Just one sunburn during your lifetime can greatly increase your risk for developing skin cancer, so always remember to lather up!

Reapply Sunscreen Often

If you are planning to be outdoors for a few hours you’ll want to bring your sunscreen with you. After all, one application won’t be enough to protect you all day long. A good rule of the thumb to follow is, reapply sunscreen every two hours. Of course, you’ll also want to apply sunscreen even sooner if you’ve just spent time swimming or if you’ve been sweating a lot (e.g. running a race or playing outdoor sports).

Seek Shade During the Day

While feeling the warm rays of the sun on your shoulders can certainly feel nice, the sun’s rays are at their most powerful and most dangerous during the hours of 10am-4pm. If you plan to be outdoors during these times it’s best to seek shady spots. This means enjoying lunch outside while under a wide awning or sitting on the beach under an umbrella. Even these simple measures can reduce your risk for skin cancer.

See a Dermatologist

Regardless of whether you are fair skinned, have a family history of skin cancer or you don’t have any risk factors, it’s important that everyone visit their dermatologist at least once a year for a comprehensive skin cancer screening. This physical examination will allow our skin doctor to be able to examine every growth and mole from head to toe to look for any early signs of cancer. These screenings can help us catch skin cancer early on when it’s treatable.

Noticing changes in one of your moles? Need to schedule your next annual skin cancer screening? If so, a dermatologist will be able to provide you with the proper care you need to prevent, diagnose and treat both melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers.